The white cloud fish (Tanichthys alonubes), also known as the poor man’s neon tetra, is a hardy and attractive cold-water fish. They are often mistakenly sold as atropical fish, but are much healthier and have brighter coloring when kept in cooler temperatures.
Though they are now exceedingly rare in the wild, the white cloud minnow is widely available for sale in the aquarium hobby, and can often be found for very reasonable prices. There are several active breeding programs attempting to shore up the numbers in the wild, but they have been met with limited success. However, they are unlikely to face extinction, since there are significant numbers of feral white cloud minnows in North America and Australia, having escaped captivity and thrived in rivers and streams.
White cloud fish tend to remain small, and grow up to a maximum of 1.5 inches (4cm). They can be identified by a silver body with by their bright red fin, with the males having somewhat brighter colors and being slimmer than the females.
1. White cloud fish care – The Poor Man’s Neon Tetra
White cloud fish is a minnow from China. They were discovered by Tan on White Mountain, thus the name (in Latin Tanichthys albonubes). As with most minnows they prefer to live in large groups, or shoals, what we call schools.
Many people refer to the white cloud fish as the poor man’s neon tetra, is that back during the 30’s and 40’s, neon tetras were prohibitively expensive to own for most people. So those that couldn’t afford neon tetras, starting buying white cloud minnows which were much more affordable during that time. But don’t let the name fool you – these fish are an excellent addition to any cold water aquarium, and their colors rival the neon tetra. They also have the added benefit of being far hardier than neon tetras, and it is very rare to have problems with these fish.
2. White cloud fish care – Housing
Decor is not uber critical for white cloud fish care, but a nicely planted tank that includes driftwood, rocks and a dark substrate will show off their colors more. They are a schooling fish and should be kept in numbers of at least 6-8 (lone white clouds tend to be shy and retiring). As previously mentioned, they’re a cold water fish, so a heater is not necessary. In fact, constant, warm temperatures tend to shorten their lives. They have been known to nibble on foliage, so take this into account when planting. We’ve found that “heavy leaved” plants such as Java fern, anubias, and mosses work well with them.
White cloud fish are an incredibly hardy fish, and can be easily housed in a well filtered 10 gallon aquarium. As a general rule, the white cloud fish is a great candidate for the community tank as long as they are housed with other peaceful, cold water fish; stone catfish (Hara jerdoni), paradise fish (Macropodus opercularis), loaches, Chinese barbs, etc.
When choosing a filter, a high quality hang-on-back filter is usually the best choice, but choosing the often over-looked sponge filter can also have benefits. White cloud minnows are one of the few minnows that don’t cannibalize their young, so you generally will start to see fry after a few weeks of keeping white cloud minnows. If you plan of raising the fry, you need to be careful with a hang-on-back filter, which will suck most of the fry up into whirling impellers of death. A sponge filter may not keep the water as clear as a hang-on-back filter, but it is far safer for tiny fry.
If choosing an HOB filter, I would strongly recommend choosing an Aquaclear Power Filter for a white cloud mountain minnow. This filter combines excellent filtration with a durable design, and it will keep your tank sparkling clear for years to come. You can also read the Aquarium Tidings Aquaclear Filter Review here.
The best substrate for white cloud minnows is either a small grain gravel or sand. With that being said, this fish doesn’t have any special requirements and most types of substrate will be fine. They should also be provided with either live or fake plants to scatter their eggs in, with Java moss being the best choice. Java moss will provide a safe place for the eggs to be placed, and once the fry are hatched, it’s dense makeup will ensure that the fry are sheltered, and they can eat the infusoria growing on the moss.
3. White cloud fish care – Feeding
White cloud fish can be fed a high quality flake food, Spirulina pellets and vegetables. It also take live foods such as blackworms, blood worms, brine shrimp, glass worm, mosquito larvae, Cyclops, Daphnia and any frozen foods etc. Scheduling the feed between 2-3 times a day.
When choosing vegetables, their favorites are shelled peas and small sections of blanched zucchini medallions. Any uneaten vegetables should be removed after 24 hours to prevent the water from becoming fouled.
Frozen and live foods can be fed as an occasional treat or if you are trying to get them into breeding condition. The most readily accepted live foods are blackworms, blood worms, mosquito larvae and brine shrimp. They will also greedily eat any frozen foods being offered, with daphina, bloodworms and brine shrimp being preferred.
4. White cloud fish care – Breeding
Most white cloud fish need no heater. However, warming them up a little at breeding time helps encourage them to spawn. Room temperature or above works fine. Condition your breeders with frequent feedings. If you separate your sexes for two weeks, you will get much larger and faster spawns when you put them together. Flake foods work great. Give them a variety. Frequent small feedings help. And give them occasional treat foods such as brine shrimp to fatten up the females. Supposedly the parents don’t eat their fry. Sure. They eat everything else. They’ll eat their own fry. If you want large quantities, breed them over a nylon mesh net. The eggs will fall thru. Get rid of your snails. They love fish eggs.
5. White cloud fish care – Mosquito Prevention
Some of you keep a backyard pool full of plants, but you don’t like goldfishes. Your pond grows mosquito larvae that turn into little blood suckers in 10 short days. Sounds like a job for the mighty white cloud fish. They love mosquito larvae. Put some sparkly little white clouds in there and give your neighbors a break. When you finally bring them inside, you will have some real aquatic jewels. Fishes reared outside always color up better than indoor fishes – especially when they fill up on mosquito larvae.
6. White cloud fish care – Desease
The white cloud fish is hardy and it is quite resistant to disease. More often than not, the water quality is what would be the main culprit for disease. It is easily prevented by using a quarantine tank for a few weeks before introducing new arrivals into your main tank.
Avoid the use of medications with copper, as White Cloud fish is very sensitive to copper. Remove any carbon filtration before using medication because the carbon will absorb the medication.
7. White cloud fish care – Facts
1. Scientific Name: Tanichthys albonubes
2. Family: Cyprinidae
3. Size Range: up to 4cm in length
4. Diet: Omnivore
5. Tank Size: 5+ gallons
6. Tank Set-up: lightly planted
7. Tank region: Top and Mid Levels
8. Temperature: 65-75° F
9. Carbonate Alkalinity (dKH): 10-15
10. Carbonate Hardness: 90 – 357 ppm
11. Water pH: 6.0 – 8.5
12. Origin: White Cloud Mountain near Canton Southern China.
13. Temperament: Peaceful
14. Care Level: Very easy
15. Habitat: Mountain streams of the Baiyun (White Cloud) mountains, China.
16. Lifespan: 5-8 years s
17. Reproduction: Egg scatter
18. Breeding: It breeds easily in captive condition.
19. Water Movement: Slow
Remove algae from pond? That’s a big challenge… we think that it’s nearly impossible to get rid of every trace of algae in your pond, but it is possible to control it well enough that it’s no longer visible or having any impact on the health of your fish.
A common problem for many hobbyists is algal growth in the aquarium. As long as the conditions in your tank are right to promote the growth and proliferation of algae, this problem will continue to bug you. Abundant light and nutrients from food that you give your fish on a regular basis as well as waste particles in the tank are ideal in paving the way for algae to proliferate in your tank.
An effective way to remove algae from pond is to use a commercial algaecide. This method has been shown to kill ALL species of algae including the beneficial ones. Many of these commercial preparations are copper-based, which is bad news for invertebrates since copper can kill them. This is especially true for marine or reef tanks which are laden with all sorts of micro-fauna, snails, shrimps, and amphipods. However, this may not be as much of a problem in freshwater tanks. Algaecide has also been shown to reduce the amount of oxygen available for inhabitants in your tank.
The good news is there are natural ways to remove algae from pond.
1. Remove algae from pond – Aquarium cleaning
A combination of scrubbing and regular water changes will remove algae and help keep it away. Use an aquarium scrubber or scraper to brush it off the sides of the tank, rocks, decorations and artificial plants. Then siphon the algae away with an aquarium vacuum. Change 10 to 15 percent of the water each week by removing it with the aquarium vacuum and replacing it with conditioned water. The water change will keep nitrate levels low, which makes it more difficult for algae to grow.
Although this is a good idea, too frequent changes present several disadvantages including altering the amount of essential elements in the water as well as reducing the population of beneficial bacteria. You will also be spending more money on salt mix if you have a marine tank. Frequent water changes can also become a tiresome chore especially with big tanks.
2. Remove algae from pond – Light reduction
This is achieved by reducing the amount of time the light is turned on or by wattage reduction. Aside from starving the algae of precious light source, you can also save on electricity. However, if you have a planted tank, reduced light may compromise your plant’s growth. Corals in reef tanks also require light to grow and thrive.
Algae needs light to grow, and the more light that is available the faster it will grow. Aside from starving the algae of precious light source, you can also save on electricity. However, if you have a planted tank, reduced light may compromise your plant’s growth. Corals in reef tanks also require light to grow and thrive.
3. Remove algae from pond – Oxygen
Carbon dioxide nourishes algae while oxygen starves it. Limit algae growth and increase the amount of oxygen in the tank by adding power heads, air stones or decorative aerators. These devices work by moving the surface water, which in turn encourages the transfer of oxygen from the surrounding air into the tank. Live plants can also add oxygen to the water while at the same time decreasing the amount of nutrients available to the algae.
4. Remove algae from pond – Make sure your filter or protein skimmer are working well
Having right equipment in your aquarium can make all the difference. A low quality filter or the wrong filter can set you back several bucks when you have to buy a better replacement.
5. Remove algae from pond – Natural aquarium cleaners
There are various species of freshwater and saltwater scavengers that you can use to help clear your tank of excess algae and leftover food. However, be careful when choosing tank scavengers that you will put in for some of these tank cleaners can cause more trouble than benefits.
6.Remove algae from pond – Algae Eaters
Certain fish and aquatic animals feast on the algae in your aquarium. The amount each of these can consume is limited, and it’s important to consider the biological load they add in balance with the amount of algae they can remove, but some of these tank creatures are worth their keep. Otocinclus and bristlenose catfish, Siamese and Chinese algae eaters, and plecostomus are all efficient at removing algae. Grazing snails can also keep algae under control.
7.Remove algae from pond – Food reduction
Reducing the amount of food that you give your fish may also be a solution to algal growth. Make sure though that your fish is still receiving enough food that they need each day. This method will help you save on fish food, however there are some fish species that require frequent feedings several times a day. In reef tanks, less food means fewer leftovers for the tank’s scavengers like the hermit crabs and worms. Scarcity of food may cause them to nip corals or attack fish.
A listing of companies that perform aquarium cleaning service in London, UK
We take care of all the water changes, water tests, algae cleaning and keep the aquascape looking nice and presentable. We offer service as a once off offering, or on an ongoing agreement to keep the aquarium or fish tank maintained.
We also can be called on for emergency callouts in the event of an issue with your aquarium.
Our bronze packages start from £40.oo onwards, depending on the services you require, the size of the tank and the type of fishes or aquatic animals you have.
6, Rokeby House,
A listing of companies that perform aquarium cleaning service in Cambridgeshire, UK
Service packages available customised to your needs from complete management of your aquarium including cleaning, servicing, plant, coral and fish restocking to basic maintenance, allowing you to sit back and enjoy your aquatic world.
· Water Testing
· Water Changing 25-30%
· Glass Cleaning
· Substrate cleaning
· Plant care
· Pump, heater, lighting Check
· Filter Check & Clean
· Fish Count & Health Check
· Water Testing
· Water Changing 25-30%
· Glass Cleaning
· Substrate cleaning
· Coral Check
· Pump, heater, lighting Check
· Skimmer, Filter Check & Clean
· Check ancillary equipment
· Fish, Coral Count & Health Check
Servicing & Maintenance Pricing
Tropical Aquariums £35.00 per visit (up to 1 hour) then £25.00 per hour after.
Fish, Plants & Treatments charged at cost.
Marine Aquariums £45.00 per visit (up to 1 hour) then £35.00 per hour after.
Fish, Corals, Salt & Treatments charged at cost.
Phone: 07929 408431
A listing of companies that perform aquarium cleaning service in Hampshire, UK
Springs Aquatic Ltd provides pond maintenance services for a wide range of pond types across Hampshire including koi, ornamental & wildlife ponds, water features and even small lakes.
Offering a tailored services to meet each customers individual needs our trained aquarists can ensure you get the best out of your aquatic feature. In addition we can supply a range of products and deliver them to our maintenance customers for free as well as fit new equipment on delivery. Whatever your fish keeping needs – Springs Aquatic has a service for you.
Phone: 07826 522 612
A listing of companies that perform aquarium cleaning service in Birmingham, Alabama
Alabama Aquarium & Pond Services provides aquarium, garden pond and fountain related services, as well as lake management and pond maintenance to residential, commercial and institutional clients in and around the Birmingham, Alabama area.
P.O. Box 360334
Birmingham, AL 35236
The company offers aquarium cleaning service in Birmingham and a complete line of aqua-tech services ranging from aquarium design, installation and maintenance to water garden design, installation and maintenance. Aquatic consultation and contracting services are also available.
Phone: (205) 229-3124
PO Box 36457
Birmingham, AL 35236
The monthly service plan includes:
- One or Two visits per month
- Partial water changes as necessary
- Delivery of Saltwater and RO/DI freshwater for evaporation
- Test water for ammonia, nitrate, nitrite, PH, calcium, phosphate, and alkalinity
- Check and adjust salinity
- Clean substrate and filtration unit
- Lights and timers for accuracy
- Add supplements
- Clean and adjust protein skimmer
- Clean and polish hardware(inside lighting fixtures, exterior filters, etc.)
- Replenish depleted essential elements
- Algae removal
- Polish exterior of aquarium
5511 Highway 280 Suite 310
Birmingham, AL 35242